Hello, and welcome back to our blog here at Brooklyn Martial Arts. This is part two of our blog series about the basics of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. As with any sport, there are a set of techniques that can be applied to everything you learn in BJJ. Last time we talked about things such as relaxation, breathing, and consistency in your training. However, this time, we’re going to talk about some of the more specific moves you will learn that will be used as a foundation for your success.

Standing Guard Pass

Passing the guard is one of the most difficult moves in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. This involves breaking open the opponent’s defense when his legs are crossed over your lower back. This is typically done by standing up, however, in some cases, you may be able to break the guard from your knees. The best way to learn the proper way of passing the guard is to speak with your instructor. He or she will let you know the best way to do this and give you some tips for training.

Scissor Sweep

Being able to control the arm properly of the side you’re sweeping to is a considerably important part of learning the basics of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. But it doesn’t just come down to your arm and wrist coordination. You also need to learn how to get your hips and core involved in order to get the most force as possible. In order to have good technique, you’ll also need to use a lapel grip and your top leg to raise your opponent’s center of gravity, making it easier to flip him.     


Bridging is used to open up opportunities to escape from certain positions or to sweep your opponent. It is also used to create space between you and your opponent and more easily shift their weight.


This is one of the first moves you will learn in BJJ. It essentially means footwork and can be used both offensively and defensively. There are three types of shrimps including the backward shrimp, forward shrimp, and lateral shrimp.

Tapping Out

This is one of the most fundamental things you’ll be taught in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. Tapping out or simply, “tapping” is a simple way to keep everyone safe while practicing this sport. This term is used in many different martial arts forms to indicate that you’re in a submission hold that you cannot escape and continuing the fight could result in injury. Make sure you understand how tapping out works before you spar with a partner.  

Contact Brooklyn Martial Arts

At Brooklyn Martial Arts, we believe having a great instructor is fundamental to the success of students of any discipline, especially Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. Our instructors will not only teach you the basic moves involved in the sport, but they’ll be with you every step of the way from white belt to black belt. If you have any questions for us or you’re ready to start training, contact us today.